Counter (Small Numbers)

Accurately counts objects in a line to 5 and answers the “how many” question with the last number counted, understanding that this represents the total number of objects (the cardinal principle).




You may see this:

Other Examples:

  • A child is asked “How many blocks do we have?” The child sees four blocks, points to each while counting... "1, 2, 3, 4”, then exclaims “Four!" in answer to the question.

Help your student become a(n) Counter (Small Numbers)

Activities and teaching strategies focus on the notion that in counting a set of objects, the last counting word tells how many there are in the set--that is, the cardinal number of the set. Gesture around the set while repeating the last number word (e.g., "1, 2, 3, 4, 5…[gesturing): FIVE!") and use subitizing to support cardinality in counting as in the activity "How Many in a Hand?"

Special Thanks To

Institute of Education Sciences
The research reported here was supported by the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, through grant numbers R305K050157, R305A120813, R305A110188, and R305A150243. to the University of Denver. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of the Institute or the U.S. Department of Education.
Bill & Melinda Gates foundation
Heising Simons foundation